We project consciousness onto machines the same way we do to animals
We project consciousness onto machines the same way we do to animals. For example, when we watch a squirrel pause and scan its surroundings, we feel as if there is a mind there, even if it's not fully ours. Or consider the simple starfish. When we poke it, we sense a consciousness when it curls up. We know that it felt something as if its reaction was it saying "ouch." Likewise, when you watch videos of Deep Blue defeating Kasparov at chess, you get a funny feeling, as if the machine were thinking. Or when we ask Siri a question, and she says "Sorry, I don't know the answer to that right now," it sounds like those feelings are genuine.